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The municipality of Moclín has a very rich historical and artistic heritage. For many centuries this area has been inhabited by settlers, as seen by the many and varied archaeological remains from different eras and cultures. It includes a large number of towns and villages, most of which have more inhabitants than Moclín, the local capital itself. The other main towns in the municipality are Limones, Olivares Puerto Lope, Tiena and Tozar.

In Moclín there are many caves and natural shelters in which cave paintings have been discovered, such as in the Tajo de la Cañada de Corchera or in Abrigo de las Vereas. The Abrigo de La Solana, the Abrigo de Las Canteras, and the Cuevas Bermejas Caves also contain interesting examples of rock art. Much older than all of these are the Cueva de Malalmuerzo, where important remains of stone tools have been found.

Around Moclín there are a number of watchtowers or defensive towers built in in strategic positions. These were part of a defense system used to guard the surrounding area. These include the Torre de la Porqueriza, the Torre de Mingoandrés, the Torre de la Solana, the Torre de la Gallina Porqueriza, the Torre de Mingoandrés, the Torre Solana and the Torre Gallina. The foundation of Moclín goes back to the early Moorish period. The castle was built in the middle of the 13th century to control and defend of the Kingdom of Granada.

In Tózar there is a huge archaeological site that extends over an area of ​​1000 square meters. It includes dolmens and anthropomorphic tombs carved into the rock.

A day trip to Tajos de la Hoz and from here to Olivares is also recommended. From the road to Tiena you can enjoy spectacular views of the Sierra Nevada, the Sierra de Almijara and the Sierra Arana. Below you will see stunning olive groves that stretch out to the plain.

The most recent archaeological discoveries prove the existence of some of the first human settlers in Europe, who shoes to settle in Orce. Subsequent investigations have brought evidence to light proving the existence of the Neolithic man. There are also many remains dating back to the Copper and Bronze Ages, especially pottery fragments.

The origin and history of Moclín is closely linked to that of the Kingdom of Granada. Its name comes from the Arabic Hisn Al-Muqlin (fortress of the eyes) in referring to its role as a important vantage station. The castle was built in the 13th century on a high escarpment to protect the road leading to the plains. It was almost always a frontier town. In the Nasrid period it was the shield of Granada, especially after the conquest of Alcalá la Real and the Castillo de Locubín in 1341. Between then and 1486 the skirmishes became more frequent until it finally fell under Christian rule. After the fall of Loja, on 26th July 1486 the city surrendered after three days of siege, and became one of the seven towns that were forced to supply Granada with food and goods.

Between 1486 and 1492 the Catholic Monarchs, together with the Court of Castile, spent long periods in the fortress. The repopulation of the area was carried out quickly with settlers from the north of Spain. The local economy was based on agriculture and the breeding of livestock and most of the peasants were received a salary, which was unusual for the time.

One of the greatest attractions of Moclín is its cuisine; highlights include with Alboronía with chicken, garlic, almonds and white beans, Sopa cachorreña and Olla de San Anton. The doughnuts are made following a traditional recipe and are free from any artificial ingredients.


Information about the Municipality

Region: Poniente Granadino
Poblaciones del municipio: Olivares, Puerto Lope
Postcode: 18247
Distance from Granada (km): 33
Number of inhabitants: 4220
People: Moclineños
Web: Acceder a su web
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Casa del Pósito


The Casa del Posito is located outside the town walls and dates back to the 16th century. It used to be a public barn and is attributed to Pablo de Rojas. The part that is on a slope has two [...]

Iglesia de la Encarnación


This church was built by the royal decree of the Catholic Kings on the site of a former mosque. It was designed and built by the architect Francisco Prieto Moreno. The main chapel, built by Martin de Bolivar, dates back [...]

Moclín Castle


This castle was built in the mid 13th century to help defend the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada. It is also known as the Hins Al-Muqlin, (literally the fortress of the two pupils). It was built to mark the frontier between the kingdoms of Granada and Castile.

Cave of Malalmuerzo


This archaeological site is located near Tózar and is called La Cueva de Malalmuerzo.  It was an important Neolithic settlement where Palaeolithic paintings of hunting scenes have been discovered.

Pilar de Moclín


Built in the 16th century, this structure is decorated in Renaissance style. It is made of local stone and has a curved front and is decorated with vases. There is an incomplete inscription explaining when and by whom it was [...]

Califate route

This route is altogether an adventure for the spirit: the two poles between which the fabulous cultural, religious, political and social legacy, which represents the stay of the Muslims in the peninsula, oscillates, with an almost moribund intensity.

The Gollizno route

The Gollizno route is a circular route, taking you on a tour of the history of the Moclín. You will pass its amazing cave paintings and castle ruins and enter into the centre of Olivares crossing bridges over the Tajos de la Hoz, the steep gorge created by the Río Velillos.

Fiesta de San Antón (Limones)


Es una fiesta que se celebra por los animales. Una menuda ermita ubicada junto al castillo medieval de Moclín recibe a los vecinos que desean participar de una solemne misa. Como actividades se celebran una procesión y el sacrificio del [...]

Fiestas en honor a Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes (Tiena)


La primera semana de agosto se celebran estos festejos. En el programa destacan las cucañas, que consisten en un palo enjabonado sobre el que los mozos tienen que caminar para recoger al final el premio. También se hacen competiciones de [...]

La Candelaria (Tózar)


Durante la noche del 2 de febrero se mantiene la costumbre  de encender fogatas en el municipio. La tradición dice que hay que quemar en ellas todo lo no deseado. Los vecinos mantienen el fuego con ropas y muebles viejos. [...]

San Antón


Se hace la olla de San Antón y la matanza de un cerdo en la que participa todo el pueblo.

Romeria del Cristo del Paño


Festival of National tourist Interest of Andalusia Moclín is where one of the most typical religious celebrations in Andalusia takes place with its procession of Cristo del Paño (Christ of the Cloth). Unlike most celebrations, the image of Christ is [...]


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