The National and NaturalPark of the Sierra Nevada has the highest peak in Spain: the Mulhacén (3482 metres). The Sierra Nevada was declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO on 1986, then a NaturalPark in 1989, and finally it was awarded National Park status in 1999.
The mountain range was formed during the tertiary period and was later covered by glaciers. In medieval times this mountain range was known as the Mountains of the Sun. Here you can stroll through wooded landscapes at mid-mountain level and continue up to the alpine summits to enjoy more barren views. On the southern slopes of these mountainous peaks the small picturesque towns are located. They are collectively known as the Alpujarra.
The fauna and flora of this area are noteworthy. 2100 different plant species have been catalogued, of which 65 are unique to the area including mountain poppies, a species of chamomile and of violet. This mountainous area in the heart of Andalucía is also rich in wild life and is home to more than 60 different types of birds. Many different animals live here too, such as the ibex, (which you are bound to spot jumping around the peaks), as well as small moles and weasels.
The cold mountain waters fill the numerous springs, streams and rivers when the snow melts, making the landscape and the towns of the Alpujarra splendidly fertile.
This area is ideal for all kinds of sports, especially for trekking and walking. There are a large number of routes to choose from like the Vereda de la Estrella, the Río Trevélez route or the Capileira-Mulhacén route.
- National Park: 85.883 hectares
- Natural Parkl: 86432 hectares
Provincial Office of Environmental Affairs
C/ Joaquina Eguaras, 2
Tel: 958 026 000
FAX: 958 026 058
Ctra. de la Sierra, Km. 7
18191-Pinos Genil (Granada)
Tel: 958 026 300 / 958 026 303
Visitor Centre “El Dornajo”
Ctra. Sierra Nevada Km. 23
18160-Güéjar Sierra (Granada)
Tel: 958 340 625
Information Point in Pampaneira
Pza. de la Libertad, s/n
Tel: 958 763 127
Information Point in Puerto de La Ragua
Ctra. La Calahorra – Cherín, Km. 11,6
Tel: 950 524 020