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Granada, 30th August 2014
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Gorafe

City Information
Post code: 18890
Distance from Granada:92 km
Number of inhabitants :540 Inhabitants
Name given to the Inhabitants:Gorafeños
Official Website:http://www.gorafe.es

Tourist information

The main attraction of this small town is its 198 Neolithic dolmens scattered in 10 cemeteries, which turns it into the biggest concentration of prehistoric rests of Spain. The reason of this abundance is that the stream of Gor is a natural depression located in a geographic pass very popular during the Prehistoric period, border between the eastern tribal groups and those of the Low Andalucia that occupied this area in the V millennium b.C.

The Neolithic populations that settled here formed a complex society, hierarchized, and with an economy of agricultural and shepherd type. They lived in houses excavated in slopes or in constructions of stone with roofs of branches and they buried their dead inside dolmens.

Gorafe works nowadays in the creation of a thematic park about Megaliths, which has already several itineraries to visit these dolmens, and they are finishing the construction of a centre of interpretation for the visitors.

The district has numerous houses-caves left by the Almohad settlement of Los Algarves, of the XII century. In addition, part of the population lives in caves. It is an ideal place for the fans of archaeology, and the cultural and rural tourism. In its surroundings it is possible to practice trekking and routes in bicycle, within a place formed by a canyon with multitude of holes and ravines. Back in the urban core, the visitor can contemplate and purchase the works of artisans that are made in Gorafe with esparto and wood of olive tree.


History

The area where Gorafe is located was already inhabited in the Middle Palaeolithic, between 30,000 and 50,000 years ago, according to diverse archaeological findings. 6,000 years ago the valley of this district was place of residence for populations that buried in dolmens, collective graves. Later it would be occupied also by the Argaric culture, as it is testified by the town of the Culantrillo, where ceramic vessels and bronze objects have been found. In the Iron Age the Iberian culture settles in the town of Montealegre. In the VIII century the Muslims occupy the area, giving way to the present town. The houses-caves of Almohad origin remain from this time. In 1451 the Catholic Kings conquered Gorafe and gave the jurisdiction and rents of the town to Don Alvaro de Bazán y Quiñones, who will be the first Lord of Gorafe. From this time, the agriculture is developed in more marked way and specially the cultivations of irrigated land. It became independent district in the XIX century, since previously it was attached to Gor, which was its first city council. In this century Gorafe receives immigrants from Almeria who increase the district census.


Gastronomy

The stews, the most peculiar of Gorafe are the tarbinas, stand out of its gastronomy. It is a plate elaborated with wheat flour. There are also other similar dishes like migas and gachas, very characteristics of the recipe book of the district. The inlays of homemade production and elaboration are advisable as well. Among the most common meats in its tables they have the lamb, choto and partridge.


Excursions and field trips


Localización