Santa Fe is known as the "Cradle of the Hispanity", since it was the place where the Catholic Kings culminated the Reconquista and also where the monarchs signed with Columbus the Capitulations that financed the trip of the sailor for the discovery of America.
It is raised in the centre of the fertile plain of Granada. The benefits of the alluvial plain of the Genil, their agricultural wealth and fertile land, and the hills that extend to the south come together in the town. All its town centre has been declared Historic-Artistic Set. Its itinerary is laid out with buildings and monuments. The gates of the town, the church of the Encarnacion, the hermitage of the Gallegos or the Señor de la Salud, and the baroque convent of the Agustinos, complete an attractive itinerary. Further on they ferocious territories of the fertile plain, watered by a multitude of canals that cross the dense fields of intensive cultivations, maize fields, cultivations of poplars, orchards, scattered with cortijos and tobacco dryers are left.
The town has a reputed Comic Theatre Festival. The House of America Institute welcomes remarkable artistic exhibitions, and the substantial piononos, one of the most typical desserts of Granada, are a good excuse to visit Santa Fe.
It was during the conquest of Granada that the Catholic Monarchs installed a provisional camp in 1843 in an area called Ojos de Huescar, by the river Genil. However, in 1491 they decided to put an end to the campaign and built large huts and trenches in the middle of the fertile plain. On June 14, 1843 the town was destroyed by a fire. It was then that the Catholic Monarchs decided to The villa, founded on 1491, served as military camp to the Catholic Kings during the siege of the city. It was drawn up in a straight line, with rectangular plant and a gate in each side. Its layout has the shape of a cross has this name as a Christian symbol in the war against the Muslims.
Santa Fe served as exclusive place for the Catholic Kings Court, synchronizing this role with Granada until the kings left in May of that year, becoming during months a privileged historical scene. In the modest Casa Real of the city the 25 of November of 1491 were signed the capitulations between King Boabdil and Isabel and Fernando in whom they decided the delivery of the Nasrid kingdom and were detailed the future of its settlers. Also, in this enclosure the decisive conversations with Columbus that lead to the capitulations with the admiral were carried out, signed "in Sancta Fee on the 17 of April of 1492 ...", angular date that would take to the discovery of America and a new period marked by the opening of relationships.
When the kings left, Don Francisco de Bobadilla was named lord, following the villa a slowed history, immersed in the own agricultural tasks of a town from the Fertile plain, shocked only in 1806 by a violent earthquake that caused a serious damages to it.
The local gastronomy is based on excellent vegetables and fruits from the cultivated fields of the fertile plain. The plates elaborated with thyme and aromatic herbs are very appreciated, as well as the emblematic pastry of Santa Fe, the piononos, sweets of drunken sponge cake and cream, topped with slightly burned sugar, created by Ceferino Isla in honour of the Pope Pío IX.