La Taha is one of the areas of the Alpujarra that maintains in its district a bigger number of inhabited towns. It includes seven of the ten population centres that still remain within the territory of the old Taha de Ferreyra, which is accessed by one of the most peculiar historical places of the area: the Sangre Ravine called this way for being scenery of a bloody battle during the War of the Alpujarras.
Tahas or taás were the administrative divisions in which the territory of the Alpujarra was distributed during the Islamic period, being this town the only one that has conserved until the present time its old name. Although the Dictionary of the Real Academy of the Spanish Language has "taha" as a correct word in written Spanish the town is known with an acute derivation of the Arab word.
Royal roads, rain tanks, bridges, mills and canals form the patrimony of this district that has also millenarian chestnut trees, almost wild paths, enchanted fountains, old legends still alive and orange streams...
Among its population centres Pitres has had the local responsibility historically. It has one of the most extensive and better hoisted squares of the region that some authors date from Roman time. The slyness of its inhabitants is well known and recognized. In a certain occasion it occurred to someone to ask the local governor the concession of a seaport. Although the request was bizarre - Pitres is at great altitude over the Mediterranean level – it made that its authors had the nickname of Barbarians. Instead of taking it badly, the neighbours have instituted an amusing and crazy program of celebrations, during which “spit” sardines in the ground and they water them so they grow fat and substantial.
In the slope that descends towards Trevélez, Mecina Fondales is located. Here the old public laundry, which conserves outlines of its modest monumentality, stands out. But the most interesting of this core it has to be looked for in Fondales, where Gerald Brenan chose as his summer residence. A short descent until the river gives the opportunity to contemplate the rest of an old Arab mill, considered in its time like one of the most representative works of the medieval architecture of the area.
Ferreirola conserves a church and several fountains. Capileirilla, with its 1,380 meters over the sea level, is the highest village of the district and in it the rests of a Visigoth temple from the VIII century are conserved.
Finally, Atalbéitar, the most Eastern core of the district, is one of the most modern settlements of the region, because it lacks of traces from before the Muslim period. It is also one of the calmest, beautiful and fertile places of the area.
The territory that occupies the settlement called at the moment La Taha, in the Southern slope of Sierra Nevada, has a considerable unevenness, which goes from the 600 to the 2,400 meters of altitude. It is possible that its origins go back to the time of the Romans, but it was with the Arabs when it reached a greater main role. It suffered when the expulsion of the Moorish took place and it was repopulated by Christian settlers. At first it was La Tahá de Ferreira, but its composition weakened when it was given as estate to the Great Captain. The birth of some of its present settlements took place already in the middle of the XVI century. Throughout the following centuries Pitres reached remarkable main role, to the point that it change the name by the one of La Taha de Pitres. More ahead it would be only La Taha.
In this district migas, sausages and jams are cooked and elaborated. Another typical dish is the roasted chestnuts that are usually watered with the wine of the region. Among the desserts the papaviejos stand out.