Granada reached the peak of its importance as a city between the 13th and 15th centuries, when it was the centre of the Nasrid kingdom. The Nasrid legacy can be seen in most part of the Alhambra, the Generalife, the Cuarto Real de Santo Domingo in the Almanxarra orchard and the Palacio de Alcázar del Genil, all of them used by the Nasrid queens.
In the Casa de los Girones the ruins of an old palace dating back to the 13th century still remain. A number of fortified walls from the Nasrid period still stand in many places, such around the Alcazaba Qadima and near many gates (the Puerta Monaita, Puerta Elvira, Puerta Fajalaluza to name a few). The defensive constructions, such as the Torres Bermejas and the Silla del Moro castle, are also remnants of the Nasrid kingdom.
Today, the old minarets of the former mosques of Granada still remain in the Iglesia de San José (Caliphal period) and in the Convento de San Juan de los Reyes (Nasrid period). Other buildings of interest are El Bañuelo or Baño del Nogal (11th century), the Madraza (the former School for Quran Studies founded by Yusuf I), the Corral del Carbón and the Alhóndiga Gidida (14th century).
In the Albaicín you will find remnants of the town’s main mosque in the Iglesia de El Salvador as well as the remains of Nasrid houses in the Convento de Santa Catalina de Zafra. In the Casa de Daralhorra there are Arabic baths dating back to the 13th century and a number of wells.
The archaeological site of Madinat Elvira is located outside the city, in Atarfe, and it was the main city of Al-Andalus for three centuries. There are also the remains of baths in many different towns in the area. In Alhama de Granada, for example, there is one of the finest and most important baths of the old Granada kingdom (from the 12th and 13th centuries) possibly on the site of an old Roman bath. The unique Baño de la Judería (11th century) is in Baza. Remains of former Arab baths are also in Alfacar, Nívar, Churriana, La Zubia, Jerez del Marquesado, Aldeire and Hueneja.
The rich legacy of this kingdom also includes the Alcazaba de Guadix as well as the Moclin, Salobreña and Almuñecar castles.