The residents of Moraleda de Zafayona are proud to uphold the tradition of living in cave dwellings in the town’s oldest neighbourhood. It is located at the foot of a slope descending to the Río Cacín, still maintains its structure as Madoz described it in the middle of the 19th century: “Located in the hill there are 80 caves that serve as shelters to the locals. At the foot of the hill some houses have been built.“
The more modern part of town, built after the earthquake in1884, extends from the hill towards the Campo de Zafayona.
The main economic driver is agriculture; a lot of olives, cereals and animal fodder is grown here.
In the Cerro de la Mora, within the Moraleda de Zafayona district remains that testify the presence of an Iberian town in this area 3,000 years ago have been found. They have also been found vestiges of Romans and Visigoths, and some historians maintain the idea that the mythical civilization of the Tartessos also occupied these land. The present settlement was born in the Muslim period as a settlement that lives on the silk industry. Thus, its name could derive from the great amount of white mulberries that it had. With the Christianization campaign that the Catholic Kings culminated in 1492, Moraleda de Zafayona passed to depend of Loja for some time. In 1568 took place the revolt of the Moorish in the Kingdom of Granada. Once the rebellion was repressed, the Moorish were expelled from all the towns. Years later they would repopulate the area with settlers coming from other regions.
Moraleda is a place where they elaborate hornazos, good stews and Spanish stews. Among its homemade sausages the salchichones, longanizas and black puddings stand out. And among its desserts are the cakes, the twisted rolls of piñonates, the pestiños and torrijas. One of the most typical recipes is ajoblanco with black pudding.