This small village is located in the northern part of the Hoya de Guadix, along the Río Guadahortuna and on the plain that extends to the foot of Cerro de San Bernardino. Here the Terrera del Reloj is situated, the remains of a prehistoric settlement from the Argaric period. The path leading to it is steep and winding, perfect for hiking.
In the town centre most of the homes are cave dwellings or part-cave dwellings. There is also a stunning viewpoint where you can enjoy some fantastic views.
The town has recreation and leisure areas, such as a swimming pool and some playgrounds. There are many different footpaths that cross the town and lead to the caves.
Dehesas de Guadix has been a municipality since the mid-19th century, according to the records of the local council and those of the nearby town of Alicún de Ortega (although they differ regarding the exact date). Previously it belonged to Ortega de Alicún. Here interesting remains of Prehistoric settlements were found, as well as many fragments of Moorish pots, pans and jars. Its most prosperous period was when it belonged to the Muslim court of the king El Zagal. The mediaeval remains of an ancient fortress known as Castillejo of the Cortijo de Don Cristobál are also located here. Today you can only see its defensive outer wall.
In 1489, the town fell under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Guadix after the capitulation agreement between the Catholic Kings and the king El Zagal was signed. During the 16th and 17th centuries this municipality was a great meadow, or pasture (‘dehesa’ in Spanish), mainly used for horse breeding. The town name comes from this activity. In 1840 Don José Requena acquired the Cortijo of Dehesas and the Rambla de los Ciruelos. The first record of it being referred to as the independent municipality of Dehesas de Guadix dates back to 1888.
The local specialities in Dehesas de Guadix are influenced by Arab cuisine. They include rich dishes made with goat and lamb. A typical recipe is called Hormigos, stew with baked potatoes and green beans. Snails, gazpacho, and the Gachas are also popular. Handmade doughnuts are delicious for those with a sweet tooth.